The thousand-year period, often referred to as the Pyu millennium, linked the Bronze Age to the beginning of the classical states period when the Pagan Kingdom emerged in the late 9th century. The image below reveals the history Time-Line of Ancient Kingdoms in Myanmar (Burma). The four kingdoms are archaeologically important to understand the earliest culture existed in Burma before the Modern Era (Union of Myanmar).
The Ancient Kingdoms
PYU ANCIENT CITIESP
yu Ancient Cities includes the remains of three brick, walled and moated cities of Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra located in vast irrigated landscapes in the dry zone of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River basin. They reflect the Pyu Kingdoms that flourished for over 1,000 years between 200 BC and AD 900. The three cities are partly excavated archaeological sites. This is the Myanmar’s first site inscribed to World Heritage List in 2014.
For the first time in Sri Kettara Pyu city, the burial site was unearthed last September along with hundreds of pots of human ash. The findings also include two stairways and a water well inside the building; the upper floor was made of brick and signs of frequent burns over the mud covering of the floor. Their usage of the well in a burial site is still a mystery and needs further research by scholars.
It is customary for Pyu people to store ash remains of the dead in pots. Hundreds of pots of ash are usually found together in the ancient Pyu cities such as Hanlin, Bithano (Vishnu) and Tagaung.
Although the Pyu people are nominally extinct as a race, they probably had mixed up with other groups such as Mranma (Burmese), Thet, Kanyan, Shan and Mon. As of today all these people who settle down in the central plain of the country speak the same language – Burmese.
Ref: mrtv4.net.mm, Pupular News Journal
Since these newly discovered ancient Pyu sites are just recently open to the public, travelling there can be challenging, but rewarding. These sites are off the beaten tract and still remained hidden. Pleasefor more information about travelling to those sites.
The history of Rakhine is divided into 7 parts (chronological order) – the independent kingdoms of Dhanyawadi, Waithali (Vesali), Lemro, Mrauk U, Burmese occupation from 1784 to 1826, British rule from 1826 to 1948 and as a part of independent Burma from 1948 onwards.
Macroperiod Period Start End Dhanyavad 1st Dhanyawadi BC 3525 BC 1489 2nd Dhanyawadi BC 2483 BC 580 3rd Dhanyawadi BC 580 AD 326 Vesali – Lemro Vesali Kyauk Hlayga AD 327 AD 794 Sambawak AD 794 AD 818 Lemro AD 818 AD 1430 Mrauk U 1st Mrauk-U Kingdom AD 1430 AD 1530 2nd Mrauk-U Kingdom AD 1530 AD 1638 3rd Mrauk-U Kingdom AD 1668 AD 1784
Coming soon …
PAGAN DYNASTY OR BAGAN KINGDOMS
The Kingdom of Bagan was first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern-day Burma (Myanmar). Pagan’s 250-year rule over the Irrawaddy valley and its periphery laid the foundation for the ascent of Burmese language and culture, the spread of Burman ethnicity in Upper Burma, and the growth of Theravada Buddhism in Burma and in mainland Southeast Asia.
Ref Book: https://books.google.com/books?id=DIuaa5yKv-sC